Bruk av vitaminer og mineraler har enorm effekt på mange psykiske lidelser

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Jeg tror folk flest er veldig klar over viktigheten av ernæring når det kommer til helse, sier professor emerita Bonnie J. Kaplan ved University of Calgary. Det samme gjelder den store betydningen ernæring har for alt over nakken, som hun sier. 20-50% av all næring vi får i oss hver dag blir brukt av hjernen. Hvert eneste minutt hver eneste dag, påpeker hun.

 

Prof. Kaplan var nylig i Norge og var foredragsholder under Høstkonferansen 2017 arrangert av Forlaget Lille Måne. Hennes forskning på sammensatt kosttilskudd og ernæringens rolle i psykisk helse og hjerneutvikling var tema på dagsorden. I 20 år har hun gjort banebrytene studier som gjør dette, etter eget utsagn, til den viktigste oppdagelsen på dette feltet i vår levetid. I Norge er det vedtatt at det skal tilbys psykiatribehandling uten bruk av medikamenter. Det gir nå håp til mange mennesker i en helsepraksis med mange bieffekter, som også kan spare helsesektoren for mye penger hvert år.

 

Medikamentfri behandling for psykisk syke

Helse- og omsorgsminister Bent Høie sendte sendte i november 2015 ut brev til alle regionale helseforetak om at de skal ha etablert tilbud om medikamentfri behandling innen 1. juni 2016. Dette inkluderer også tilbud om nedtrapping av legemiddelbehandling hvis ønskelig av pasient, i egne avdelinger. Det er riktignok bare stilt krav om etablering av fem slike enheter i landet. Bent Høie sier på regjeringen.no at: – Mange pasienter innen psykisk helsevern ønsker ikke behandling med medisiner. Det må vi lytte til og ta på alvor. Ingen skal tvinges til å ta medisiner så lenge det finnes andre måter å gi nødvendig omsorg og behandling på. Jeg synes etableringen av medikamentfri behandling går for sakte.

Brukerorganisasjoner innen psykisk helse har gitt tydelige signaler på endring til Høie. Tilbudet om medikamentfri behandling er ikke bra nok og helse- og omsorgsministeren har bedt om at tilbudet utformes i dialog med brukeorganisasjonene.

 

LES OGSÅ: Ingen tvil om at kosthold påvirker hjernen

 

Skjøvet bort og trivialisert

Vi vet nå at det er individuelle forskjeller når det kommer til behov for vitaminer og mineraler, forteller Kaplan. Hun mener at det vi har lært, helt siden 2. verdenskrig, er å spise variert og balansert. Men er dette godt nok? Dette har skjøvet bort og trivialisert viktigheten av vitaminer og mineraler mener Kaplan. – Hvordan kan jeg bli frisk med BARE vitaminer, eller BARE mineraler, eksemplifiserer hun. Forskning på vitaminer og mineraler i enkel tilstand har vært gjort i ca.100 år, sier Kaplan. Det som er nytt, fortsetter hun, er forskningen på hva sammensatt kosttilskudd (bredt spekter av vitaminer og mineraler) kan gjøre for psykisk helse. Noe som nå blant annet viser seg som essensiellt i syntesen av nevrotransmittere. Sammensatt kosttilskudd har gitt lovende resultater i behandling av blant annet aggresjon, irritabilitet, eksplosivt raseri og sammenbrudd, som hun sier i videoen over, høylytte psykiske lidelser. Forbedring i søvn, konsentrasjon, impulsivitet og humør er også vanlig og se, sier Kaplan.

 

Les mer om linken mellom mat og psykisk helse i denne publiseringen

Under finner du en liste over publikasjoner på dette feltet som professor Kaplan har delt med seg:
  1. Rucklidge, J. J., Eggleston, M., Johnstone, J. M., Darling, K., & Frampton, C. M. (in press). Vitamin-mineral treatment improves aggression and emotional regulation in children with ADHD: A fully-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
  2. Mehl-Madrona L, Mainguy B (2017 epub ahead of print). Adjunctive treatment of psychosis with micronutrients. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2016.0215
  3. Kaplan BJ, Isaranuwatchai W, Hoch JS (2017). Hospitalization cost of conventional psychiatric care compared to broad-spectrum micronutrient treatment: Literature review and case study of adult psychosis. International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 11:14. http://rdcu.be/oVb9
  4. Sole, E., Blampied, N. & Rucklidge, J. J. (2017). Anxiety and stress in children following an earthquake: Clinically beneficial effects of treatment with micronutrients. Journal of Child and Family Studies. doi:10.1007/s10826-016-0607-2
  5. Retallick-Brown, H., Rucklidge, J. J., & Blampied, N. (2016). Study protocol for a randomised double blind, treatment control trial comparing the efficacy of a micronutrient formula to a single vitamin supplement in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. Medicines, 3, 32. http://www.mdpi.com/2305-6320/3/4/32
  6. Kaplan BJ, Leaney C, Tsatsko E (2016). Micronutrient treatment of emotional dyscontrol following traumatic brain injury: A case study. Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health, 4(5): 1078.
  7. Lothian J, Blampied NM, Rucklidge JJ (2016). Effect of micronutrients on insomnia in adults: A multiple-baseline design. Clinical Psychological Science. Published online before print May 23, 2016, doi: 10.1177/2167702616631740
  8. Gordon HA, Rucklidge JJ, Blampied NM, Johnstone JM (2015). Clinically significant symptom reduction in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treated with micronutrients: an open-label reversal design study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 25(10):783-98.
  9. Kaplan BJ, Hilbert P, Tsatsko E (2015). Micronutrient treatment for children with emotional and behavioural dysregulation: three cases. Journal of Medical Case Reports. 9:240 DOI 10.1186/s 13256-015-0735-0
  10. Kaplan BJ, Rucklidge JJ, Romijn AR, Dolph M (2015). A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychiatric illness after a natural disaster. Psychiatry Research, 228:373-79.
  11. Rucklidge JJ, Frampton C, Gorman B, & Boggis A (2014 May 7). Vitamin-mineral treatment of ADHD in adults: A one year follow up of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Attention Disorders. ePub ahead of print.
  12. Rucklidge JJ, Frampton C, Gorman B, & Boggis A (2014). Vitamin-mineral treatment of ADHD in adults: A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 204, 306-315.
  13. Rucklidge JJ, Johnstone J, Gorman B, & Boggis A, & Frampton C (2014). Moderators of treatment response in adults with ADHD to micronutrients: demographics and biomarkers. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 50, 163–171.
  14. Rucklidge JJ, Blampied N, Gorman, B, Gordon H, & Sole E (2014). Psychological functioning one year after a brief intervention using micronutrients to treat stress and anxiety related to the 2011 Christchurch earthquakes: A naturalistic follow-up. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 29(3), 230-243.
  15. Rucklidge JJ, Harris AL, Shaw IC (2014). Are the amounts of vitamins in commercially available dietary supplement formulations relevant for the management of psychiatric disorders in children? N Z Med J. 127(1392):73-85.
  16. Rucklidge JJ (2013). Could yeast infections impair recovery from mental illness?  A case study using micronutrients and olive leaf extract for the treatment of ADHD and depression. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 27(3), 14-18.
  17. Frazier EA, Gracious B, Arnold LE, Failla M, Chitchumroonchokchai C, Habash D, and Fristad MA (2013). Nutritional and Safety Outcomes from an Open-Label Micronutrient Intervention for Pediatric Bipolar Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 23(8):558-67.
  18. Harrison R, Rucklidge JJ, Blampied N. (2013). Use of micronutrients attenuates cannabis and nicotine abuse as evidenced from a reversal design: A case study. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45(2):168-78.
  19. Rodway M, Vance A, Watters A, Lee H, Bos E, Kaplan BJ (2012), Efficacy and cost of micronutrient treatment of childhood psychosis. British Medical Journal Case Reports, 2012 Nov 9. http://casereports.bmj.com/sevendays?fdate=11/05/2012&tdate=11/11/2012
  20. Rucklidge JJ, Andridge R, Gorman B., Blampied N, Gordon H. & Boggis A (2012). Shaken but unstirred? Effects of micronutrients on stress and trauma after an earthquake: RCT evidence comparing formulas and doses. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 27(5):440-54.
  21. Frazier EA, Fristad MA, Arnold LE (2012). Feasibility of a nutritional supplement as treatment for pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18(7):678-685.
  22. Rucklidge JJ, Johnstone J, Harrison R (2011). Can micronutrients improve neurocognitive functioning in adults with ADHD and severe mood dysregulation? A pilot study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(12):1-7.
  23. Rucklidge JJ, Blampied NM (2011). Post-earthquake psychological functioning in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Positive effects of micronutrients on resilience. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 40(4):51-57.
  24. Rucklidge JJ, Johnstone J, Harrison R & Boggis A (2011). Micronutrients reduce stress and anxiety following a 7.1 earthquake in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Psychiatry Research, 189:281-87.
  25. Simpson JSA, Crawford SG, Goldstein ET, Field C, Burgess E, Kaplan BJ (2011). Systematic review of safety and tolerability of a complex micronutrient formula used in mental health. BMC Psychiatry. 11:62. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-244X-11-62.pdf
  26. Rucklidge JJ, Taylor MR, Whitehead KA (2011). Effect of micronutrients on behaviour and mood in adults with ADHD:  Evidence from an 8-week open label trial with natural extension. Journal of Attention Disorders, 2011;15(1):79-91.
  27. Rucklidge JJ, Gately D, Kaplan BJ (2010). Database analysis of children and adolescents with Bipolar Disorder consuming a micronutrient formula. BMC Psychiatry, 10:74. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-244X-10-74.pdf
  28. Rucklidge JJ & Harrison (2010). Successful treatment of Bipolar Disorder II and ADHD with a micronutrient formula: A case study. CNS Spectrums, 15(5):231-237.
  29. Mehl-Madrona L, Leung B, Kennedy C, Paul S, Kaplan BJ (2010). Micronutrients versus standard medication management in autism: A naturalistic case-control study. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. 20(2): 95-103. http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/cap.2009.0011
  30. Gately, D & Kaplan BJ (2009). Database analysis of adults with bipolar disorder consuming a micronutrient formula. Clinical Medicine Insights: Psychiatry. 4:3-16. http://la-press.com/article.php?article_id=1384
  31. Rucklidge JJ (2009). Successful treatment of OCD with a micronutrient formula following partial response to CBT: A case study. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23: 836–840.
  32. Frazier EA, Fristad M, Arnold LE (2009). Multinutrient Supplement as Treatment: Literature Review and Case Report of a 12-year-old Boy with Bipolar Disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 19:453-460.
  33. Kaplan BJ, Fisher, JE, Crawford SG, Field CJ, Kolb B (2004). Improved mood and behavior during treatment with a mineral-vitamin supplement: An open-label case series of children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 14(1), 115-122.
  34. Kaplan BJ, Crawford SG, Gardner B, & Farrelly G (2002). Treatment of mood lability and explosive rage with minerals and vitamins: Two case studies in children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 12(3), 203-218.
  35. Simmons M (2003). Nutritional approach to bipolar disorder (Letter). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64, 338.
  36. Popper CW (2001). Do vitamins or minerals (apart from lithium) have mood-stabilizing effects? [Commentary]. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62, 933-935.
  37. Kaplan BJ, Simpson JSA, Ferre RC, Gorman C, McMullen D, & Crawford SG (2001). Effective mood stabilization in bipolar disorder with a chelated mineral supplement. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62, 936-944.
Andre relevante publiseringer:
  1. Popper CW, Kaplan BJ, Rucklidge JJ (2017). Broad-spectrum micronutrient treatment in psychiatric practice. Complementary and Integrative Treatments in Psychiatric Practice. Edited by Patricia L. Gerbarg, M.D., Philip R. Muskin, M.D., Richard P. Brown, M.D. American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, D.C., 2017.
  1. Rucklidge, J. J. & Johnstone, J. (2016). The Role of Diet and Nutrient Supplementation in the Treatment of ADHD. The ADHD Report, 24(8), 1-8. http://guilfordjournals.com/doi/pdf/10.1521/adhd.2016.24.8.1
  2. Rucklidge JJ, Kaplan BJ (2016). The rationale for treating with a broad spectrum of minerals and vitamins. In Greenblatt JM and Brogan K (eds.), Integrative Therapies for Depression: Redefining Models for Assessment, Treatment and Prevention. Taylor and Francis Press. Pp 263-278.
  3. Rucklidge, J. J., & Mulder, R. T. (2016). Could nutrition help behaviours associated with personality disorders? A narrative review. Personality and Mental Health, 10(1): 3-11. doi: 10.1002/pmh.1325 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pmh.1325/epdf
  1. Sarris, J., Logan, A. C., Amminger, G. P., Balanzá-Martínez, V., Freeman, M. P., Hibbeln, J., Matsuoka, Y., Mischoulon, D., Mizoue, T., Nanri, A., Nishi, D., Ramsey, D. Rucklidge, J. J., Sanchez-Villegas, A., Scholey, A., Su, K. P., Jacka, F. N. (2015). Nutritional Medicine as Mainstream in Psychiatry: A Consensus Position Statement from The International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research (ISNPR). Lancet Psychiatry, 2, 271-274. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(14)00051-0/abstract
  2. Kaplan BJ, Rucklidge JJ, Romijn A, McLeod K (2015 Feb 2). The emerging field of nutritional mental health: Inflammation, the microbiome, oxidative stress and mitochondrial function. Clinical Psychological Science. DOI: 10.1177/2167702614555413
  3. Popper CW (2014). Single-nutrient and broad-spectrum micronutrient approaches for treating mood disorders in youth and adults. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinics of North America, 23:591-672.
  4. Rucklidge JJ, Kaplan BJ (2014). Broad spectrum micronutrient treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Rationale, and evidence to date. CNS Drugs 2014 Sep;28(9):775-85. doi: 10.1007/s40263-014-0190-2.
  5. Rucklidge JJ, Harris A, & Shaw I. (2014). Are the amounts of vitamins in commercially available dietary supplement formulations relevant for the management of psychiatric disorders in children? New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 127, 73-85.
  6. Rucklidge JJ & Kaplan BJ (2013). Broad-spectrum micronutrient formulas for the treatment psychiatric symptoms: A systematic review. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 13(1):49-73.
  7. Rucklidge JJ, Johnstone J, Kaplan BJ (2013). Magic bullet thinking–why do we continue to perpetuate this fallacy? (Letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 203(2):154.
  8. Kaplan BJ, Leung B (2011). Micronutrient treatment of mental disorders. Integrative Medicine: A Clinician’s Journal, 10(3):32-39.
  9. Shaw I, Rucklidge JJ, Hughes RN (2010). A possible biological mechanism for the B Vitamins altering behaviour in ADHD. Pharmaceutical Medicine, 24 (5): 1-6.
  10. Gardner A, Kaplan BJ, Rucklidge JJ, Jonsson BH, Humble MB (2010). The potential of nutritional therapy (Letter). Science, 327(5963):268.
  11. Rucklidge JJ, Johnstone J, Kaplan BJ (2009). Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 9(4), 461-476.
  12. Kaplan BJ, Crawford S, Field C, and Simpson JSA. (2007). Vitamins, minerals, and mood. Psychological Bulletin, 133(5), 747-760.
  13. Kaplan BJ and Shannon, S (2007). Nutritional aspects of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Psychiatric Annals, 37(7), 519-528. (reprinted in Pediatrics Annals, 36(9), 600-609).

 

 

 

Produsent/web-redaktør i TV-Helse. Fullførte Bachelor of Arts i England. Har jobbet i olje- og gass-industrien med blant annet HMS og kursing. Produsert film og animasjoner for en rekke lokale, nasjonale og internasjonale selskaper som freelancer. Har diabetes type-1.

LEGG IGJEN ET SVAR

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